In Partnership With

February 25, 1957

AIR TRANSPORT

World Airlines Set Expansion Plans

BUSINESS FLYING

Business Flying Shows Sharp Upswing

ENGINEERING

High Speed Structures Keyed to Materials

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AIR TRANSPORT

World Airlines Set Expansion Plans

Profits and progress of major world airlines in 1956 kept pace with the 1955 boom. Year showed substantial increases in traffic and revenues, though nations seeking to establish their own flag carriers found the road paved with deficits.
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BUSINESS FLYING

Business Flying Shows Sharp Upswing

New York—Business flying is well on the way to casting off last shackles of obsolescence and achieving its long dream of a fleet of modern aircraft in all categories. Growing interest in turbine-powered equipment, substantiated with contracts, is bringing business flyers closer to their more sophisticated brothers in the military service and the airlines.

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ENGINEERING

High Speed Structures Keyed to Materials

Structures for high speed aircraft and missiles are closely keyed to basic design and the critical variable of materials in relation to high temperatures. One major question is how extensively titanium alloy is going to fit changing structural requirements.

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AIR TRANSPORT

Trunk Traffic Gains But Costs Cut Net

Scheduled expansion of trunk airline fleet capacity during 1957 indicates that this year’s traffic gains should surpass the record increases in 1956. While the carriers were busy last year handling record passenger and cargo traffic, they also took time to assess the problems that came with the rash of jet equipment orders placed over the last 18 months and they began to lay detailed plans for introduction of the jets.

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MILITARY

New Usaf Concepts Test Producers

The American aircraft industry, development and production partner of the U. S. Airforce, inevitably faces greater challenges from its customers each year. Fiscal 1958 will be no exception. Next year’s budget, as proposed by the Defense Department, contem plates that orders will be placed for only 1,500 USAF planes.

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FOREIGN AIRPOWER

French Sales High Abroad, Nil at Home

Paris—Thin budget plus preoccupation with air policing problems in Algeria prevented any substantial build-up in French airpower last year. French Air Force ended the year by announcing substantial cutbacks in orders for latest jet equipment and it accepted a 1957 air budget which will mean another annual pause in its air power development.

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FOREIGN AIRPOWER

Soviets Test Irbm, Mach 2 Fight Ers, Operate Jet Transport

Airpower of the Soviet Union demonstrated continued technical progress during 1956 in both military and civil categories. Among the outstanding technical achievements which the Russians demonstrated to the Western world were: Intermediate range ballistic missile capability.

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MILITARY

Navy Sells Seapower’s Role in Nuclear Missile Age

Navy is moving into another year of what Adm. Arleigh Burke calls its “period of tremendous transition” with excellent prospects. Aircraft, missile and shipbuilding programs are producing highly effective hardware—and Navy’s aggressive leadership has put this technical progress to expert use in selling the idea that seapower has a vital role in the nuclearmissile age.

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AIR TRANSPORT

Jet Age, Growth Strain Airports, Airways

Washington—Appearance of America’s first commercial jet airliner scheduled late next year combined with growth of air transportation is creating a chain reaction of costs and problems for airlines, airport operators and government agencies.

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ENGINEERING

Facilities Multiply to Test Supersonic Hurdles

Aerodynamic heating and supersonic stability problems are barriers to increasing flight speeds beyond those of today’s operational aircraft; for this reason, research and development continues to concentrate heavily on these two areas.

February 181957 March 41957