In Partnership With

June 16, 1958

MAN IN SPACE

Medicine Paces Man’s Flight in Space

AVIONICS

Space to Spark Avionics Revolution

FACILITIES

Probes Will Explore Cislunar Space

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MAN IN SPACE

Medicine Paces Man’s Flight in Space

As space technology brings man closer to his first flight in a satellite, space medicine has become an increasingly vital partner in the technical effort which will make manned satellite flights possible. The farther man travels away from his natural environment, the more precisely his vehicle must be tailored to his phvsiological and psychological requirements.

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AVIONICS

Space to Spark Avionics Revolution

To meet the needs of space vehicles during the next decade, reliability of avionic equipment must be increased over present levels by a factor of at least 1,000, and its weight, size and power consumption must be slashed by a factor of 100, barring an unforeseen breakthrough in propulsion efficiency.

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FACILITIES

Probes Will Explore Cislunar Space

Lunar probes to be launched by the Air Force and Army will mark the first long reach into space and set the stage for manned exploration of the moon. Both Air Research and Development Command’s Ballistic Missile Division and Army’s Ballistic Missile Agency will attempt to fire their first moon vehicles before the end of this year.

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MAN IN SPACE

X-15, Dyna-soar Will Put Man Into Space

With his common sense and his ability to anticipate and discriminate, the human pilot has insured his role in space craft, although he may serve predominantly as a monitor and decision maker and become part of control loop only in direct emergency.

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SPACE AGENCIES

Naca Shifting to Space Agency Role

Creation of a National Aeronautics and Space Agency to spearhead a national program of space exploration and research should emerge from the congressional crucible before the end of the current session. This represents a belated decision on the part of the United States government to formally organize a permanent national space effort.

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FACILITIES

New Test Tools Needed for Space Age

One of the best indications that manned hypersonic and orbital flight is near is the sharp reduction in transonic and supersonic testing in the U. S. during the past year. The rather large number of big transonic and supersonic tunnels built by government agencies, aircraft firms and private research groups in recent years have not been receiving their expected utilization in the past 12 months or so.
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SATELLITES

Igy Research Into Space Continues

Neither the launching of the 2,925-lb. Soviet earth satellite nor the preliminary results from our own satellite experiments has in any way altered the program for continuing research in outer space prepared by the Earth Satellite Panel of the U. S. National Committee for the International Geophysical Year, according to panel chairman Dr. Richard W. Porter.

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PROPULSION

Advances Made in Conventional Fuels

Over 90% of the money and effort actually going into rocket propulsion research and development is being spent on the improvement of conventional propellants and engines rather than on the development of radical, new powerplants. The goals of the researchers are comparatively modest. They are:

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MAN IN SPACE

Man-in-space Timetable Still Debated

Air Force’s Man-In-Space-Soonest (MISS) program, scheduled to put a manned capsule satellite into a 200-mi. orbit by the end of next year, is considered too daring a project by some scientists and engineers close to the space technology picture.

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SPACE AGENCIES

Usaf Space Effort Based on Research

The basis of the Air Force's strong position in the rapidly developing technology of space and the key to its strength in the future is its broad, varied program of research and development. Less than a year ago, all the services were de-emphasizing the importance of research for space because it was an unpopular subject in the Pentagon.
June 91958 June 231958