October 8, 1962

SPACE TECHNOLOGY

Surveyor Vital to Manned Lunar Program

SPACE TECHNOLOGY

Research Challenge Encompasses Galaxy

SPACE TECHNOLOGY

Flawless Ma-8 Flight Advances Mercury to Day-long Mission Next Year

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SPACE TECHNOLOGY

Surveyor Vital to Manned Lunar Program

Culver City, Calif.—Complete operating prototype of a Surveyor spacecraft designed to soft-land on the moon’s surface and return to the earth data collected by a series of onboard experiments will be completed here late next month or early in December.

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SPACE TECHNOLOGY

Research Challenge Encompasses Galaxy

Washington—Growing national need for fundamental knowledge is adding new demands, urgency and scope to the work of the space scientist, whose physical laboratory is being extended to the farthest reaches of the galaxy. The space scientist today is characterized by a new impatience to exploit the rapidly-filling storehouse of data collected by instruments already launched beyond the protecting, but distorting, atmospheric mantle of the earth.

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SPACE TECHNOLOGY

Flawless Ma-8 Flight Advances Mercury to Day-long Mission Next Year

Cape Canaveral—Flawless, six-orbit Mercury Atlas-8 flight by Navy Cdr. Walter M. Schirra will allow the Mercury program to move directly to its final objective—a 24-hr. mission—with only minor changes necessary in the basic capsule.
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AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING

Twin-turbine K-1125 Directed to Support of Missile Sites, Special Warfare Missions

Bloomfield, Conn.—Kaman K-1125, a twin-turbine, twin-rotor helicopter unveiled here last week by Kaman Aircraft Corp., is being presented to prospective military purchasers as a machine capable of performing a variety of missions, including those associated with missile site support and special warfare requirements.

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ENGINEERING

X-20 May Supply Orbital Space Stations

Las Vegas—Air Force-Boeing X-20 (Dyna-Soar) program now appears to be on firm technical ground and USAF is studying how it might be used to supply orbiting space stations. This has happened despite Defense Department’s refusal to spend funds voted by Congress, the uncertain character of X-20’s military mission and two changes in boosters, made last year.
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SPACE TECHNOLOGY

Weightlessness Effects Worrying Soviets

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AIR TRANSPORT

Witnesses' Fate Debated in Safety Probe

Halaby would prosecute stewardesses who admitted flying airliners; Rep. Brooks opposes punishment.

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AIR TRANSPORT

Twa Considers Heavier Regional Service

New York—Selling air travel as a consumer product and applying more market research to flight schedule planming are key points of Trans World Airlines’ new management philosophy. The change is expected to result in WA abandoning some transcontinental nonstop frequencies in favor of heavier regional service, plus more nonstop flights in 1963 between New York and major European business centers such as Geneva, Milan and Rome.

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Floodlights Considered as Light Source for Night Lunar Landings

Bethpage, N. Y.—Night lunar landing research program under earthshine lighting conditions being explored by Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corp. here indicates a need for additional light sources, possibly floodlights, aboard the manned lunar landing vehicle.

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SPACE TECHNOLOGY

Transfer of Centaur, M-l to Lewis to Advance Hydrogen Research

Washington—Revitalized Atlas Centaur launch vehicle development program has been transferred from the reluctant management of Marshall Space Flight Center to Lewis Research Center, the facility largely responsible for the early research and technology on which hydrogen propulsion for space is based.

October 11962 October 151962